Democracy, human rights, and rule of law are enshrined in the Treaties and are part of the European Union’s (EU) DNA. There was no hesitation at the time to include those provisions in the Treaties. But over the past years, we have seen backsliding in some countries, and the EU struggling to impose respect for the rule of law. The EU has given considerable attention to the issue and developed a whole toolbox of instruments to deal with it, both specific rule of law instruments as well as more general tools that can also serve for rule of law purposes.
By starting a war of aggression against Ukraine in violation of international law on February 24, 2022, Vladimir Putin destroyed the European security and peace order that had held for decades. In a policy statement three days after the war began, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz referred to the Russian invasion as a turning point in the history of the European continent – and announced a so-called Zeitenwende, a significant turnaround in Germany’s security and defense policy.
DGAP experts are intensively analyzing Russia’s war on Ukraine and its implications, including how the Zeitenwende should be implemented and can be shaped sustainably. You will find their numerous publications and guest contributions on the conflict, as well as related high-profile events, in the following dossier.