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Selected publications

Perception and Exploitation
Perception and ExploitationRussia’s Non-Military Influence in Europe
by Stefan Meister, Jana Puglierin
DGAPkompakt 10 (October 7, 2015), 7 pp. In English
In the context of the Ukraine crisis and the annexation of Crimea, Moscow has deployed instruments of hybrid warfare on a broad scale. These tools include not only media propaganda and putting “little green men” on the ground in eastern Ukraine but also support for Euro-skeptic parties and politicians within the EU. The power elite feels justified in using "the same means” as the West; it sees Western support for civil society in the post-Soviet realm as part of a strategy to keep Russia down.
What are Russia’s Interests in Syria?
What are Russia’s Interests in Syria?Moscow’s support for Bashar al-Assad is clearly a case of weighing costs against benefits
by Stefan Meister
DGAP Five Questions, September 21, 2015
Even as it constructs a military base in Syria, Russia remains opaque on the subject of its objectives and the scope of its activities there. Stefan Meister explains that Moscow hopes to use its role in Syria to end the international isolation brought on by its annexation of Crimea. Can it bolster its own standing with the West and reduce the US’s role in the Middle East? To what extent will the West go along with Russia’s goal of including Assad in its proposed solution to the Syria crisis?
On Turkey's Reluctant Participation in the Anti-IS Coalition
Shoring up credibility as a regional power
by Soli Özel
Published in the Berlin Policy Journal, September 10, 2015
The US and Turkey agreed in late July to open Incirlik Air Base to coalition forces bombing IS positions in Syria and Iraq. This agreement, long sought by the Americans, is an important sign that Turkey is at last lowering its expectations regarding its autonomy and hegemony in the region. In fact, Ankara is repositioning itself as much in response to regional developments as to its own growing estrangement from its Western and regional allies. Turkish foreign policy expert Soli Özel weighs in.
After the 2015 Nonproliferation Treaty Review Conference
After the 2015 Nonproliferation Treaty Review Conference Why Germany Should Adjust its Role in Nuclear Disarmament and Become a Robust Bridge Builder
by Sascha Knöpfel
DGAPkompakt 11, September 10, 2015 (5pp.)
Every five years the UN holds a conference to review the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. This spring's meeting spluttered out without any final consensus. As non-nuclear-weapon states grow more and more frustrated with the slow pace of disarmament, other actors are once again stressing the importance of nuclear weapons in military operations. Sascha Knoepfel argues that Germany can afford to take a firmer stance and mediate more actively between the haves and the have-nots.
A Timeout Proposal with Consequences
A Timeout Proposal with ConsequencesIn the Greek Crisis, All Sides Would be Well Advised to Tone Down Their Rhetoric
by Julian Rappold
Reshaping Europe blog, Heinrich Boell Stiftung, July 30, 2015
Despite the brinkmanship of all negotiation parties, the Greek government and the Eurogroup finally managed to come to an agreement on a third assistance package. Yet this deal comes at a heavy price: it leaves European governments and citizens deeply divided and has created long-lasting tensions between EU's northern and southern members. In addition, it has challenged Germany’s role in Europe. The German government in particular should address the criticism.
The Value of Alternatives:
The Value of Alternatives:Why the EU is Indispensable to Central Asian Security
by Luba von Hauff
DGAPanalyse, Nr. 8, August 2015, 9 pp.
Central Asia’s pronounced security risks concern many international actors, not least because of the potential for radical ideologies to gain a foothold in the region’s communities. Against this background, Luba von Hauff highlights the EU’s particular value added to the region, reflecting on how European policy can further build up its impact on the local security situation for the time to come.
Russia and China’s Interests Lie in Bringing Iran into the Shanghai Bloc
Interview with DGAP associate fellow Ali Fathollah-Nejad in Tehran Times
by Ali Fathollah-Nejad
External publication, originally published by the Tehran Times on July 23, 2015 (In English).
In a July 23 interview the Tehran Times, DGAP associate fellow Ali Fathollah-Nejad explains why both Russia and China should be interested in bringing Iran into the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO).
What the Iran Deal Means for Europe
by Cornelius Adebahr
Carnegie Europe, Judy Dempsey's Strategic Europe, July 15, 2015.
Twelve years after France, Germany, and the United Kingdom began talks with Iran on limiting Tehran’s nuclear activities, the deal reached in Vienna on July 14 is balm for Europe’s soul, which has been battered by the Greek debt crisis.
Incentives Instead of Sanctions
New DGAP study on “Foreign Policy Towards Autocracies”
by Josef Braml
Diplomatisches Magazin, July 2015, pp. 48-49.
The Russian and Ukrainian crisis clearly shows that Europe’s democratic governments are required to deal with autocratic states in their immediate proximity. What is the best way of doing this: through dialogue, economic measures, or sanctions? How do other democracies deal with authoritarian states? These questions are answered by a new study on “Foreign Policy Towards Autocracies,” published by the German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP).
The French Identity Crisis
The French Identity CrisisDebate Intensifies after the Attacks
by Claire Demesmay
DGAPkompakt 8, July 7, 2015 (6 pp.) In English
What makes France French, and does French national identity have a future? What can and should be the role of religion in French society? And does France need new rules for peaceful coexistence within the community? These are the fundamental questions shaping the discussion on collective identity and social cohesion, a debate reignited by the terrorist attacks on Paris in January 2015.

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