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In Search of Alternatives
In Search of AlternativesGreece between European Frustration and Russian Temptation
by Julian Rappold
DGAPkompakt 3 (February 2016), 8pp
Tensions over the debt crisis have led to a loss of respect for the EU in Greece. But does Russia offer any kind of alternative to the “austerity directive” coming from Brussels? The Tsipras government's initial efforts to forge closer links with Moscow have not paid off. Crucially, Russia is unable – and unwilling – to offer Greece financial support, but it is all too glad to mobilize Greek sympathy. The EU should listen carefully to the discussion about Russia’s influence on Greece.
When Parliaments Go to War
When Parliaments Go to WarUS War Powers in Comparative Perspective
by Eric Langland
DGAPkompakt 2 (January 2016), 6 pp.
Unlike the German and British parliaments, the US Congress has thus far failed to bring to a vote an authorization for the use of force in Syria against ISIS. Instead, President Obama must rely on a broad interpretation of his constitutional authority as commander-in-chief. Eric Langland argues that only a vote will give appropriate legitimacy to US military action in Syria, demonstrate popular support, and give Congress a critical opportunity to shape military policy.
The Saudi-Iranian Conflict
The Saudi-Iranian Conflict What are the roots of the rivalry and what are its consequences?
by Ali Fathollah-Nejad, Sebastian Sons
DGAP Five Questions (January 2016); published in Handelsblatt Global Edition (January 29, 2016), pp. 32-35.
What effect will the escalation between the two regional powers have on the Middle East’s multiple crises? How much influence does the West have, and where does it position itself between its recent rapprochement with Iran and its “business-as-usual” approach toward the Saudis? DGAP associate fellows Ali Fathollah-Nejad and Sebastian Sons discuss geopolitical goals, domestic power considerations, and the exploitation of religion. Translated by Imogen Taylor.
Insecurity in Sinai and Beyond
Insecurity in Sinai and BeyondWhy the Egyptian Counterterrorism Strategy is Failing
by Helena Burgrova
DGAPkompakt 1 (January 2016), 5pp.
As the world marks the fifth anniversary of the protest that launched the Egyptian uprising, Egypt’s military-led government is undertaking heavy-handed counterterrorism measures in the Sinai Peninsula as part of its broad-gauged “war on terror.” Yet Wilayat Sinai, the most active armed group in Egypt today, has claimed responsibility for an array of deadly attacks, including the October 2015 downing of a Russian charter plane. Why has Cairo failed so spectacularly to contain Sinai-based terror?
Moving Forward with the EU-Enlargement Process (2015)
Moving Forward with the EU-Enlargement Process (2015)The TRAIN 2015 Programme’s focus on strengthening of democratic institutions in the countries of the Western Balkans
by
This year’s TRAIN Programme brought together think tanks from the Western Balkan region to discuss the overarching topic “Strengthening of Democratic Institutions” and its key role in European integration. The fight against corruption in state institutions, police integrity and a reform of the public administration were among the subtopics participants addressed. They presented their findings and recommendations to policy makers in Brussels as well as in their respective countries.
Headed for Brussels without a Compass
Headed for Brussels without a CompassSerbia's Position between Rapprochement with the EU and Russian Influence
by Sarah Wohlfeld
DGAPkompakt 18 (December 2015), 8pp.
This December Serbia opened the first of 35 accession chapters with the EU. The prospect of EU membership continues to attract broad support in the population. However, the Kremlin also carries considerable weight in Serbian public opinion. It does so by stressing the common Slavic identity of the two nations, drawing on shared anti-Western resentment, and making a point of supporting Serbia on the matter of Kosovo. Sarah Wohlfeld continues the DGAP’s series on Russia’s “soft” influence in Europe.
Moldova: Perpetual Crisis
Moldova: Perpetual CrisisHas the Eastern Partnership Failed?
by
Five Questions for Valeriu Chiveri, Ruslan Codreanu, Igor Botan, and Martin Sieg (December 2015)
Moldova seems to be caught between the EU and the Eurasian Union, belonging to neither but attracted by both. With the country's political transformation and EU integration currently at a standstill, many are asking why the country’s political system is in a state of such deep crisis. At a conference at the DGAP on December 1, 2015, experts discussed whether Moldova must continue to endure a cycle of perpetual crises.
Ostpolitik 2.0?
Russia, Germany, and Nord Stream 2
by Stefan Meister
Transatlantic Academy blog, December 7, 2015
The Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline extension will turn Germany into a major hub for Russian gas to Europe. Is Germany back to pursuing a policy of “change through trade” with Moscow?
The Geoeconomics of Eurasia
A View from Europe
by Stefan Meister
Chapter in "Geo-Economics of Eurasia," an Astana Club report, November 2015
With the Chinese project of a new Silk Road, Eurasia is once again turning into a region of international attention and geoeconomic cooperation. While China and Russia are the main players in the region, this study shows that the Silk Road project would correspond better with the EU's economically driven policies than with Russia’s geopolitical approach.
Regional and Municipal Elections in Ukraine: A Test Case
Newsletter of the German Advisory Group Ukraine
by
German Advisory Group Newsletter, Issue No. 85 (November 2015), 2pp.
The regional and municipal elections in Ukraine of October 2015 tested the post-Maidan coalition government and especially President Poroshenko and his reform and decentralisation policy. Despite solid performance of the president’s party, the ruling coalition lacks a stable majority at the local level. Prime Minister Yatsenyuk was weakened. Despite the limited successes of reform parties, established elites have prevailed and the oligarchs have reasserted themselves as the central players in Ukrainian politics.

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