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Divided in Diversity
Divided in DiversityOvercoming Europe’s Incoherence in National Approaches to Civilian CSDP
by Carina Böttcher, Marie Wolf
DGAPanalyse 3, June 2019, 18 p.
Despite 15 years of mission practice, EU member states are often reluctant to commit considerable resources to civilian CSDP. One reason for this is the fact that EU member states diverge considerably on the role and strategic relevance they attribute to civilian crisis management in general, and civilian CSDP specifically. This divergence hampers a common understanding on the future direction of civilian CSDP, which is direly needed to strengthen it through the Civilian CSDP Compact.
Trade at the Time of Protectionism: Why the G20 Can Help
by Claudia Schmucker
Dossier of ISPI, 26. Juni 2019
International trade is facing many risks, according to the WTO trade forecast of September 2018. Among these are rising trade tensions and global protectionism, as well as increased financial volatility as developed economies tighten their monetary policy. Consequently, the WTO downgraded world merchandise trade growth to 3.9% (2018) and 3.7% (2019) respectively.
Asymmetrical Arms Control
Asymmetrical Arms ControlHow to Account for Innovation and Diversity in European Armed Forces
by Torben Schütz
DGAPkompakt 12/2019, 5 pp.
Conventional arms control in Europe is in crisis. As it is based on a simple headcount of weapons systems, it does not reflect the qualitative changes to armed forces’ structures and assets brought about by technological innovation. It is high time to embrace asymmetrical arms control mechanisms which are a promising method to deal with the diversity of qualitative changes in European armed forces. Germany should push for such innovation within the OSCE.
From Ostpolitik to EU-Russia Interdependence
Germany’s Perspective
by Stefan Meister
Published in "Post-Crimea Shift in EU-Russia Relations: From Fostering Interdependence to Managing Vulnerabilities", 2019, Kristi Raik & András Rácz (eds.)
With the Russian annexation of Crimea and the war in eastern Ukraine, followed by Western sanctions and Russian counter-sanctions, German decision-makers had to learn that economic and energy interdependence not only creates win-win situations but also means vulnerability. The reaction was a shift from the dominance of the economy in German policy on Russia to a securitisation and politicisation of relations with Moscow.
Moldova’s Power Transition
Moldova’s Power TransitionA Chance for the EU to Act in Its Eastern Neighborhood
by Cristina Gherasimov
DGAPstandpunkt 18 (June 2019), 3 pp.
A new transfer of power has taken place in the EU’s Eastern neighborhood that raises vigilant hopes for the future of the Eastern Partnership. This is a chance for Moldova to address its democratic deficit and rebuild its international reputation after vested interests captured its state institutions. The new government, however, needs the support of EU partners. While this pro-reformist executive brings big opportunities – including for the EU – it also poses risks that need to be cautiously considered.
The Compact Roadmap
The Compact RoadmapTowards a New Level of Professionalization in Civilian CSDP
by Carina Böttcher
DGAPkompakt 11 (June 2019), 7 pp.
EU member states agreed the Civilian CSDP Compact in late 2018 to breathe new life into EU civilian crisis management. Its 22 commitments are a response to a double challenge: a rapidly changing security environment and persistent shortfalls in the planning, deployment, and conduct of missions. Implementation will be challenging. Political momentum depends on producing tangible results early on, notably through National Implementation Plans and a workable Civilian Capability Review process.
German Leadership in Arms Control
German Leadership in Arms ControlThree Pillars to Achieve More Realism
by Christian Mölling, Torben Schütz
DGAPkompakt 10 (June 2019), 5 pp.
Arms control is traditionally at the core of Germany’s cooperative security approach. It is therefore a natural leader for a new Western arms control policy. But Germany must overcome the Cold War approach that no longer suits today’s security environment. A new approach should build on three pillars: security, military, and alliance realism. While such a change entails risk and uncertainty for German decision-makers, the price of upholding existing outdated arms control architectures is already higher.
“Europe Is at a Disadvantage”
Judy Dempsey asks Jana Puglierin and other experts about the current political crisis in Germany
by Jana Puglierin
“Judy Asks,” Carnegie Europe Blog, June 6, 2019
As part of her "Strategic Europe" blog for Carnegie Europe's website, Judy Dempsey asked a selection of foreign and security policy experts, including DGAP's Jana Puglierin, about the consequences of Germany’s political crisis for Europe.
The Spitz to the Top
The Spitz to the TopOnly a “Spitzenkandidat” Should become President of the Next EU Commission
by Jana Puglierin, Julian Rappold
DGAPstandpunkt 17 (June 2019), 3 pp.
Now that the European elections are over, the European Parliament and the European Council are battling for the upper hand in the process to name the next president of the European Commission. While the European Parliament wants to establish the spitzenkandidat (or lead candidate) process once and for all, opposition is building in the European Council. A face-saving compromise is needed to avoid a protracted tug of war. And this simply won’t work without one of the spitzenkandidaten.
Russians Adrift on the Sea of Values
Russians Adrift on the Sea of ValuesMikhail Dmitriev on the changing values of Russian society
by Alena Epifanova
„Public consciousness of Russians is deanchored from static ideas which were stabilizing attitudes, now it is like a ship without an anchor on the high seas,“ – economist Mikhail Dmitriev on his study, indicating a change in values in Russian society.
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