The Russia File: Russia and the West in an Unordered World
A co-publication from the DGAP and SAIS's Center for Transatlantic Relations
Relations between Russia and the West are at their lowest ebb since the Cold War. “What to do about Russia” is a matter of daily debates among Europeans and Americans. Few of those debates directly include Russian views on contemporary challenges. This volume fills this gap by featuring authors from Russia, as well as non-Russian experts on Russia, who present Russian views on relations with Western countries.
The Russia File: Russia and the West in an Unordered World.
Daniel S. Hamilton and Stefan Meister, Editors
Table of Contents
Introduction: The Russia File: Russia and the West in an Unordered World
Daniel S. Hamilton and Stefan Meister
Chapter 2: Fuzzy Alliances, Flexible Relations
Chapter 3: Can Ukraine Change Russia?
Chapter 4: Russia, the West, and Eastern Europe
Chapter 5: Russia and the West: Energy Warfare
Chapter 10: Russia-China Relations and the West
About the Authors
Daniel S. Hamilton is the Austrian Marshall Plan Foundation Professor and Founding Director of the Center for Transatlantic Relations at Johns Hopkins University’s Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). From 2002-2010 he served as the Richard von Weizsäcker Professor at SAIS. From 2001-2015 he also served as Executive Director of the American Consortium for EU Studies. He has held a variety of senior positions in the US Department of State, including Deputy Assistant Secretary for European Affairs; US Special Coordinator for Southeast European Stabilization; Associate Director of the Policy Planning Staff for two US Secretaries of State; and Director for Policy in the Bureau of European Affairs. In 2008 he served as the first Robert Bosch Foundation Senior Diplomatic Fellow in the German Foreign Office. He is or has been an advisory board member for a dozen US and European foundations and think tanks. He has authored over 100 articles, books and other commentary on international affairs, and has also taught at the Hertie School of Governance in Berlin, the University of Innsbruck and the Free University of Berlin. From 1990–1993 he was Senior Associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and from 1982–1990 Deputy Director of the Aspen Institute Berlin. He has a PhD and MA with distinction from Johns Hopkins University SAIS. Recent publications include (with Stefan Meister, eds.) The Eastern Question: Russia, the West, and Europe’s Grey Zone (2016), and Eastern Voices: Europe’s East Faces an Unsettled West (2017).
Stefan Meister directs the Robert Bosch Program Center for Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, and Central Asia at the Robert Bosch Center of the German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP). Previously he worked as a senior policy fellow on the European Council on Foreign Relations’ Wider Europe Team and as a senior research fellow at the DGAP (2008– 13). He has been engaged in research and work on Russia and the post-Soviet countries for nearly 20 years. He is a member of the Valdai Club, the Yalta European Strategy and the Astana Club and was Fellow at the Transatlantic Academy on Russia in 2015/16. His areas of focus include Russian domestic, foreign, and energy policy; Ukraine and Belarus; EU-Russia relations; and Russia’s policy toward post-Soviet countries. He has served several times as an election observer for the OSCE in post-Soviet countries and was responsible for educational projects in Russia. In 2003–04 he was researcher-in-residence at the Center for International Relations in Warsaw, analyzing Polish Eastern policy. He earned his doctorate at the University of Jena and holds an MA in political science and East European history. His PhD thesis was on the “Transformation of the Russian Higher Education System.” He recently edited a volume on Russia’s policy towards post-Soviet countries (with Nomos Verlag), and he writes extensively on Germany’s Russia policy, conflicts in the post-Soviet region (especially the South Caucasus), the interrelationship between Russian domestic and foreign policy, as well as on the EU’s Eastern Partnership. In 2014 he was part of the steering committee that drafted a new German Russia policy for the planning staff of the German Foreign Office. Recent publications include (with Daniel S. Hamilton, eds.) The Eastern Question: Russia, the West, and Europe’s Grey Zone (2016) and Eastern Voices: Europe’s East Faces an Unsettled West (2017).
Vladislav Inozemtsev is a Russian economist and director and founder of the Center for Post-Industrial Studies in Moscow, a nonprofit institution that specializes in organizing conferences on global economic issues and publishing books. He is a professor and the chair at the Department of World Economy, Faculty of Public Governance, Moscow State Lomonosov University. He served as the 2016-2017 Austrian Marshall Plan Foundation Fellow at the Center for Transatlantic Relations at Johns Hopkins SAIS. He has also served as a senior visiting fellow at the Institute for Human Sciences in Vienna, the Center for Strategic and International Studies and the Atlantic Council in Washington, DC, and the German Council on Foreign Relations DGAP in Berlin. He has taught at various universities, including MGIMO (the University of International Relations) and at the Higher School of Economics in Moscow. From 2002 to 2009, he was head of the Scientific Advisory Board of the journal Russia in Global Affairs. In 2011, he was managing director of the Global Political Forum, organized in Yaroslavl under the authority of then-President Dmitry Medvedev. He is the author of over 600 printed works on contemporary issues.
Marcin Kaczmarski is the Head of the China-EU Program at the Center for Eastern Studies (OSW) in Warsaw, and Lecturer at the Institute of International Relations at the University of Warsaw. He was a Visiting Researcher at the Slavic-Eurasian Research Center, Hokkaido University in 2017 and a Taiwan Fellow at Chengchi University in 2016. In 2012-2013 he was a visiting scholar at Aberystwyth University and between 2006-2012 served as an analyst in the Russian Department at the Centre for Eastern Studies. He is the author of many published works, including Russia-China Relations in the Post-Crisis International Order (2015).
Mark N. Katz is Professor of Government and Politics at George Mason University. Before starting to teach at George Mason University in 1988, he was a research fellow at the Brookings Institution (1980-81), held a temporary appointment as a Soviet affairs analyst at the US Department of State (1982), was a Rockefeller Foundation international relations fellow (1982-84), and was both a Kennan Institute/Wilson Center research scholar (1985) and research associate (1985-87). He has also received a US Institute of Peace fellowship (1989-90) and grant (1994-95), and several Earhart Foundation fellowship research grants. He has been a visiting scholar at the King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies (Riyadh, May 2001), the Hokkaido University Slavic Research Center (Sapporo, June-July 2007), the Higher School of Economics (Moscow, March 2010), the Middle East Policy Council (Washington, D.C., September 2010-January 2011), the Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington (January-March 2017), and the Finnish Institute of International Affairs (April-September 2017). He is the author of many books, including Leaving without Losing: The War on Terror after Iraq and Afghanistan.
Andrey Kortunov has been Director General of the Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC) since 2011. He has led several public organizations involved in higher education, social sciences and social development, such as the Moscow Public Science Foundation (1993–2001); the Information, Scholarship, Education Center (2002–2017); and the New Eurasia Foundation (2004–2017). He has been the President of the New Development Technologies Autonomous Non-profit Organization since 2015. In 1982– 1995, he held various positions in the Institute for US and Canada Studies, including Deputy Director. He has taught at universities around the world, including the University of Miami, Lewis and Clark College in Portland, Oregon, and the University of California, Berkeley. He is the author of over 120 publications dedicated to the analysis of Soviet/Russian-American relations, global security, and the foreign and domestic policy of the USSR and Russia. He graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO) in 1979 and completed his postgraduate studies at the Institute for US and Canada Studies of the USSR Academy of Sciences in 1982. He holds a PhD in History.
Nikolay Kozhanov is a Senior Lecturer in Political Economy of the Middle East at the School of Economics of St. Petersburg State University. He also works as an expert at the Institute of the Middle East in Moscow. He has served as a visiting fellow with The Washington Institute for Near East Policy and Academy Associate at Chatham House in London. During 2006-2009 he worked as an attaché at the Political and Economic Section of the Russian Embassy in Tehran, where his responsibilities included the analysis of socio-economic developments in Iran. He holds a PhD in international economics and economic security from St. Petersburg State University.
Mikhail Krutikhin is a partner of RusEnergy, a Moscow-based independent consulting agency. He holds a PhD in modern history and since 1993 has been analyzing the oil and gas industry in the former USSR, providing advisory services to investors.
Fyodor Lukyanov is editor of Russia in Global Affairs and a research professor at Russia’s national research university, the Higher School of Economics, in Moscow. He is chairman of the Presidium of the Council on Foreign and Defense Policy, research director of the Valdai International Discussion Club, and member of the presidium of the Russian International Affairs Council. He has an extensive background in different Russian and international media as a commentator on international affairs. He was senior editor of the Department for Broadcasting to Northern Europe of International Radio Moscow (now Radio Sputnik), correspondent at the international desk of Segodnya newspaper, editor of the international desk of Vremya MN newspaper and deputy editor-in-chief of Vremya Novostei newspaper.
Andrey Movchan is a senior fellow and director of the Economic Policy Program at the Carnegie Moscow Center. His research focuses on Russia’s economy, the Eurasian Economic Union, and the future of Russia’s economic relations with the EU. He has been a top executive for Russian and international financial institutions since 1993. He was an executive director of the Troika Dialog for six years. From 2003 to 2009, he headed the Renaissance Investment Management Group, which he founded, and from 2006 to 2008, he was the CEO of Renaissance Credit Bank. He also founded the Third Rome investment company, and was its CEO and managing partner from 2009 until the end of 2013. He is one of Russia’s best known financial managers. He was named “the most successful CEO of an asset management company in Russia” by Forbes in 2006 and “the best CEO of an asset management company” by the Russian magazine Finance in 2008. His op-eds and commentary regularly appear in the media. He won two PRESSzvanie business journalism awards in 2011 and 2013.
Lyubov Shishelina is Head of the Section of Central and Eastern Europe Studies at the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 2006 she also established the Visegrad Research Center – the only Russian analytical center specializing in the studies of the region. For 10 years she served as Professor at the Chair of Foreign Policy and International Relations at the Russian State University of Humanities and at the Chair for Social Sciences at Hungarian János Kodolányi University College. Currently she is Honorary Professor at this University and since 2015 a member of the Foreign Corps of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. In 2010 she was awarded the Knight’s Cross of the State Order of Hungary. Since 1994 she is a permanent chair of the International scientific conference “Russia and Central Europe in the new Geopolitical Realities,” the author of seven monographs and more than 200 articles, and the editor-in-chief of a series of books on relations between Russia and Central Europe, as well as the editor of the annual Visegrad issue of the Russian Academy of Science’s scholarly magazine Modern Europe. She holds a doctorate in history.
András Simonyi is the Managing Director of the Center for Transatlantic Relations at the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University in Washington, D.C. He served as Hungary’s Ambassador to NATO and to the United States. He was a key player on behalf of his country in preparing for the Dayton agreement and for the stationing of US/SFOR and US/IFOR troops in Hungary. His focus is on transatlantic security and business, democratic transition, and human rights. He is a contributor to the Huffington Post, The Hill and is a commentator on Newsmax on Russia, Ukraine, the EU and human rights. He holds a PhD in Political Science.
Richard Weitz is Senior Fellow and Director of the Center for Political Military Analysis at the Hudson Institute, a nonpartisan research organization based in Washington, D.C. Before joining Hudson in 2005, he worked for shorter terms at the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Defense Science Board, Harvard University, and the US Department of Defense. He has authored or edited several books and monographs, including Promoting US-Indian Defense Cooperation (2017); Enhancing the Georgia-US Security Partnership (2016); Parsing Chinese-Russian Military Exercises (2015); and China and Afghanistan After the NATO Withdrawal(2015). He holds a PhD in political science from Harvard University.
Center for Transatlantic Relations, The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, The Johns Hopkins University
German Council on Foreign Relations/ Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik
Funded by the Robert Bosch Stiftung
ISBN 13: 978-1-947661-03-5
© Center for Transatlantic Relations, 2017
The Russia File: Russia and the West in an Unordered World. Center for Transatlantic Relations, The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University; German Council on Foreign Relations/Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik, 2017, 197 pp. This publication was generously supported by the Robert Bosch Stiftung.