International Order and Governance

The global order is constantly changing. These changes are driven by developments in the tech sector, as well as shifts in economic, political, military, and demographic power. The US is calling established systems into question. Non-western – and in some cases authoritarian – states are increasingly influencing regional and international structures.

International order and democracy is one of DGAP’s core themes. Through it, DGAP helps answer questions about how Germany and Europe can shape regional and international aspects of the evolving global order in the policy realm. We explore options in the areas of sustainability and climate, digitalization and technology, finance, and the regulation of outer space, as well as which policies will be most effective in strengthening democracy and human rights on a regional and international level.


Recent publications

Toughening Financial Sanctions on Russia

Enforcing Energy Sanctions and Reducing Shadow Reserves Effectively

Financial sanctions are key in enforcing restrictions on Russian energy exports – in particular the G7/EU oil price cap regime –, due to financial institutions’ critical role in cross-border transactions. While the energy sanctions regime is having an impact on export earnings and budget revenues, evidence for potentially widespread violations is also emerging. Moreover, favorable external dynamics have allowed Russia to accumulate substantial assets abroad – “shadow reserves” –, which need to be kept out of reach of the regime.

Dr. Guntram Wolff
Benjamin Hilgenstock
Elina Ribakova
Policy Brief

After Ostpolitik

A New Russia and Eastern Europe Policy Based on Lessons from the Past
Dr. Stefan Meister
Wilfried Jilge

Frauenproteste in Iran

Feministische Außenpolitik als Chance für einen Wandel der deutschen Iran-Politik
Kerstin Müller



Past events

Further Topics & Regions