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France Moves From EU Defense to European Defense
While the EU is celebrating PESCO, Paris is preparing for closer defense cooperation outside the union
by Claudia Major, Christian Mölling
DGAPviewpoint 16, 2017, 2 pages
France Moves From EU Defense to European Defense
Two parallel developments are currently taking place in European defense. One is the highly publicised expectation that the tiny Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP) will transform into a comprehensive and powerful EU defense project. The second development is receiving far less attention. Paris is launching defense cooperation initiatives outside the EU format, thus moving from an EU-focused to a European-oriented defense approach.
Category: Security
Pragmatic and European
France sets new goals for a European defence policy
by Claudia Major, Christian Mölling
DGAPviewpoint 14, October 19, 2017, 3 p.
Pragmatic and European
With his Revue Stratégique, President Macron has given France’s defence policy a new direction. Instead of concentrating on the institutional framework of a European Union defence policy, Paris has placed pragmatic solutions and Europe’s capacity to take action into the forefront. This has consequences for both Germany and Europe: Berlin should give a speedy and constructive answer to Paris.
Category: Security, Europe
How Germany Should Change Its Approach to Arms Control
by Claudia Major, Christian Mölling
Carnegie Europe, Strategic Europe Blog, September 7, 2017
How Germany Should Change Its Approach to Arms Control
The old habits of Cold-War arms control no longer suit today’s security environment. It is time for Germany to devise a new strategy. Berlin has spearheaded new initiatives for conventional arms control, the most prominent being the 2016 Steinmeier Initiative, yet success has thus far been limited.
Category: Arms Control and WMD
A Revolution for Europe’s Defense Industry
Paris and Berlin want to jointly develop a European fighter jet.
by Claudia Major, Christian Mölling
DGAPstandpunkt 7, 17 July 2017
A Revolution for Europe’s  Defense Industry
Emmanuel Macron and Angela Merkel took the Franco-German defense partnership to a new level with their announcement on July 13 to jointly develop the next generation European fighter aircraft – the biggest armament project imaginable in Europe at the moment.
Category: Security
Europe’s New (In)Security Order
The Ukraine conflict has changed the European security architecture
by Claudia Major, Jana Puglierin
Europe’s New (In)Security Order
The Ukraine crisis has substantially and perhaps permanently altered Europe’s security structure. Europe is now much less secure, and its security architecture altogether less stable, more confrontational, and less predictable. Individual states, along with NATO, the EU, and the OSCE, must now address the deficiencies in this new order. At the same time, Europe has a better chance to exist peacefully if it succeeds in binding Russia into a cooperative order – as demanding as that will be.
Category: Security, Europe, Russia
A New Force To Be Reckoned With
What France and Germany should do to save European defense
by Claudia Major
A New Force To Be Reckoned With
The Franco-German couple works perfectly in the face of the greatest threat to Europe: the financial crisis. Although Paris and Berlin do not have a common vision about the future of the Union as such or the financial governance it should have, together they took bold decisions, made available extensive amounts of money to save the common currency, and succeeded in dragging along the rest of the European countries in their endeavor to save the euro and the European project.
Category: Military Capacity, Security, Europe
Preventing Conflict, Managing Crisis
European and American perspectives
by Eva Gross, Daniel Hamilton, Claudia Major, Henning Riecke
Center for Transatlantic Relations, EU Center of Excellence, The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, The Johns Hopkins University, Washington D.C., 6 December 2011, 154 pages
Preventing Conflict, Managing Crisis
The 10 year ISAF mission has led to precarious stability in the Hindu Kush. While some doubt the success of the mission, others point to progress and experience in the country. According to a recent study that examined the ability of Americans and Europeans to react to future crises, international crisis management is not mired in crisis. However, all instruments must be used and strategic planning must be improved.
Category: Fragile States, State Building, Afghanistan, North Africa, Near and Middle East/North Africa
Europe’s Little Blue Book
More strategic debate in the European Union
by Henning Riecke, Claudia Major
With the 2003 adoption of the European Security Strategy (ESS), the European Union published its first strategic document and claimed a role as a key player in international politics. But has the security strategy actually improved the efficiency and capacity of the European Union’s external engagement? Nearly three years down the road it is time to assess the ESS’s impact and develop ideas for its further implementation.
Category: Institutions of the EU, European Union, German Foreign Policy, Europe