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Jul 14, 2021

Weapons of Mass Debate

Germany’s Unease Around Nuclear Deterrence


1945 ushered in the nuclear era. Yet, the construction of a European project, with the ambitions to achieve economic integration and strategic cooperation, did not have an agenda on nuclear force and deterrence. French President Emmanuel Macron brought the issue back up in a speech delivered at the Ecole de Guerre in February 2020, during which he called upon European leaders to engage in a strategic dialogue on nuclear issues. This call has remained relatively unanswered, especially in Germany, which is strongly committed to pursuing European security through a NATO framework, and fears France’s proposal could threaten the transatlantic partnership. 

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Bibliographic data

Major, Claudia, and Christian Mölling. “Weapons of Mass Debate.” July 2021.

This text was first published on July 8, 2021 by the Institut Montaigne

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