The Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on US and European Commitment to the Multilateral Economic Order
The COVID-19 pandemic has led to increased nationalist and protectionist policies and has intensified the geo-economic rivalry between the US and China. While President Trump threatened the fundamental basis for multilateral cooperation, the EU established itself as a defender of multilateralism. A Biden presidency could pave the way for a new era of transatlantic and multilateral engagement to strengthen the global economic order. In the World Trade Organisation, the EU and the US could expand their previous cooperation and pursue plurilateral initiatives on e-commerce and environmental goods. Also, a solution of the Appellate Body crisis seems possible. In the G20, transatlantic initiatives could focus on debt relief for the poorest countries. Enhanced cooperation on climate issues and trade are also feasible during the Italian G20 presidency in 2021. The same holds true for the G7. The question remains of whether the G7 should transform itself into a group of leading global democracies, which could revive multilateralism on the basis of common values.
The whole article can be found here.