Hungary has had no compunction about breaking EU unity during Russia’s war in Ukraine, often in a bid to sustain its corrupted system of governance. This was again illustrated on December 6 by Budapest’s veto of the planned €18 billion credit line for Ukraine. The government of Prime Minister Viktor Orbán has greatly benefited from its control over the flow of EU funds in the country. The European Commission’s proposal to condition large parts of this flow on reaching rule of law-related milestones offers unprecedented leverage over Orbán. But Brussels also needs to prepare for lasting tension with Budapest and for Orbán to be more flagrant in seeking alternative funds with third powers. It should not be afraid of this.
Germany feels it has turned a corner recently in terms of foreign policy. But its self-congratulation may be premature.
Dossier: Russia’s War Against Ukraine
Russia’s attack on Ukraine on February 24, violating international law, shocked the global community and brought war to Europe – along with fears of a nuclear escalation. Europe and its allies are responding with tough sanctions against Russia in the areas of finance, energy, and technology. In a sudden change of course, the German government has approved arms deliveries that it had previously rejected. While international appeals for a ceasefire are being made to Russia’s President Vladimir Putin, one thing is already clear: the European security order as we knew it no longer exists. The German government’s radical U-turn in security and defense policy is only one facet of that.
This dossier provides an overview of DGAP’s diverse expertise and activities on the conflict. See below for statements on current developments, in-depth analyses on how it could have come to this, and recommendations for action to the German government, as well as numerous interviews and high-profile discussion panels.