DGAP Core Expertise Publication page

  • Security First, Technology Second

    Putin Tightens his Grip on Russia’s Internet – with China’s Help

    von Andrei Soldatov | Russia, Cyber Security
    DGAPkompakt 3, 7. März 2019, 5 S.

    Security First, Technology Second

    Since his return to the Russian presidency in 2012, Vladimir Putin has sought to bring the Russian internet under his control. Digital businesses in Russia pay dearly for his expensive system of surveillance and censorship. This slows down the pace of innovation and puts the modernization of the economy at risk. Even then, technical control over the internet remains shaky. The Kremlin is seeking Chinese assistance to enforce restrictions and be able to cut Russia off from the global internet.

  • Armenia Needs a New Opposition

    How the EU Can Help Institute Checks and Balances

    von Cristina Gherasimov | Armenia
    DGAPstandpunkt 6, March 6, 2019, 3 pp.

    Armenia Needs a New Opposition

    In Armenia, last year’s Velvet Revolution ended a long period of autocratic rule. On assuming the office of prime minister, former opposition leader Nikol Pashinyan acquired a constitutional authority enhanced by wide popular support and the lack of effective opposition in parliament. While this helps him implement reforms, the absence of strong checks may prove harmful in the long run. The EU should help rebuild Armenia’s checks and balances to ensure the country’s sustainable transformation.

  • „A state does not get a Silicon Valley at the press of a button”

    Jane Zavalishina about Russia’s digital economy

    von Alena Epifanova | Russia

    „A state does not get a Silicon Valley at the press of a button”

    Russia’s potential for digital innovation is enormous, talents abound and banks as well as state authorities are often more digitally adept than their Western counterparts when it comes to dealing with end customers. Nonetheless, the conditions set by the state impede the sector’s competitiveness. This also hinders much needed investments for Russian start-ups that require access to global markets.

  • Nord Stream 2: The Dead-End of Germany’s Ostpolitik

    von Stefan Meister
    Berlin Policy Journal, 20. Februar 2019

    The fight about the pipeline was supposed to give Germany cause to rethink its foreign-policy. Instead, Berlin is supporting a project that will hurt its credibility.

  • “You cannot stop information from being shared or disseminated”

    Andrei Soldatov on digitalization in Russia

    von Alena Epifanova | Russia, Cyber Security

    “You cannot stop information from being shared or disseminated”

    Digitalization is an innovative economic sector in Russia which showcases the country’s intellectual potential. Internet is readily available, with many Russian cities offering easier internet access than Germany cities. Russia is a network society with booming social media. At the same time, the Russian government is systematically trying to control this area. As this is not always technically feasible, Russia is intensifying its technological cooperation with China.

  • Between Old and New World Order

    Russia’s Foreign and Security Policy Rationale

    von Stefan Meister, Pavel Baev, Pavel Felgenhauer, Alexander Golts, Alexander Kolbin, Peter Pomerantsev | Russia, Security
    DGAPkompakt 19 (September 2018). 30 pp.

    Between Old and New World Order

    Political decision-making under Vladimir Putin is informed by a military-technological rationale, and military might is seen as a main tool of Russian foreign policy. Modern nuclear capabilities are key for Russia as they are regarded an effective bargaining chip that will also bring Moscow back to eye-level vis-à-vis the US. Yet, the Kremlin regards all manners of hybrid warfare – including disinformation, cyber-attacks and Russian-engineered international media coverage – as equally legitimate.

  • Risk Report Russia

    Political Risk Scenarios for Russia

    von Sarah Pagung | Russia
    Conias Risk Intelligence, Risiko Report (08/2018), 32 pp.

    Re-elected on March 18, President Vladimir Putin remains firmly in the driver seat of Russian politics. For many international investors, he stands, despite a poor democratic record, for a sufficient degree of political stability and a benevolent policy towards foreign businesses. Russia benefits from vast resources and remains the undisputed center of the post-Soviet space. Beyond the development of global commodity prices, the question of who will succeed Putin will be vital for the future of Russia.

  • A Shift in German-Russian Relations

    The Return of Pragmatism

    von Stefan Meister | Russia, International Policy/Relations
    First published as DGAPstandpunkt 19, 2018 (in German)

    A Shift in German-Russian Relations

    The meeting between German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Russia’s President Vladimir Putin in August provided an opportunity to normalize German-Russian relations on an operational level. Issues such as Nord Stream 2, the war in Syria, the Iran nuclear agreement, and US sanctions policy under the Trump administration demand an interest-driven policy approach on both sides. The return to pragmatism means a “de-Ukrainization” in key areas of common interests.

  • The price of success, the benefit of setbacks:

    Alternative futures of EU-Ukraine relations

    von Maria Davydchyk
    Davydchyk, M., Mehlhausen, T., Priesmeyer-Tkocz, W., 2018. The price of success, the benefit of setbacks: Alternative futures of EU-Ukraine relations. Futures 97, 35–46. doi:10.1016/j.futures.2017.06.004

    This article explores the various futures of relations between the European Union (EU) and Ukraine. After distilling two major drivers we construct a future compass in order to conceive of four futures of relations between the EU and Ukraine.

  • Searching for a new foundation for German-Russian relations

    von Stefan Meister | Russia
    Russian International Affairs Council, May 14, 2018

    Relations between Germany and Russia have always been fundamental for (peace and stability) Europe — whether in a negative way, for example remembering the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact on the eve of the Second World War, or in a positive way, as in the management of German unification, the end of the Soviet Union and the eastern enlargement of the EU.

  • Stably Instable

    Putin’s Reelection Will Not Stop Social Change in Russia

    von Stefan Meister | Russia, Elections
    DGAPviewpoint 9, 2018, 3 pp.

    Stably Instable

    Vladimir Putin has governed Russia for eighteen years. An entire generation of young Russians has only ever experienced him at the helm of their country. Yet, it is just this generation that Putin is losing touch with as he has been seeking his power base mostly in the conservative, small-town and rural majority. Putin’s reelection will not shield his government from the social change that Russia is facing – and it is this change that the West should set its hopes on.

  • Geopolitics and Security

    A New Strategy for the South Caucasus

    von Stefan Meister
    Geopolitics and Security - A New Strategy for the South Caucasus, 2018, 305 pp., ISBN 978-9941-449-93-2

    Geopolitics and Security

    The South Caucasus is a region at the nexus of various economic, political, and energy interests. It is currently witnessing some of the most complex and dangerous events in the world today. It features weak states, direct and proxy wars, and a confluence of great power interests. It is a prism for fundamental challenges to the international system, including separatism, security, energy transit, and infrastructure.

  • Is Russia Europe’s Biggest Threat?

    Judy Dempsey asks Stefan Meister and other experts

    von Stefan Meister | Russia, European Union
    “Judy Asks,” Carnegie Europe Blog, February 21, 2018

    As part of her “Strategic Europe” blog for Carnegie Europe’s website, Judy Dempsey asked a selection of foreign and security policy experts, including the DGAP’s Stefan Meister, about Russia’s role for Europe.

  • Mind the Gap

    How France and Germany Can Spearhead Joint Foreign Policy Initiatives Now

    von Claire Demesmay, Jana Puglierin, Laure Delcour, Barbara Kunz, Stefan Meister, Andreas Rinke, Frédéric Charillon, Laura Lale Kabis-Kechrid, Dorothée Schmid | France
    DGAPkompakt 4b (April 2018), 16 pp., Updated and extended version

    Mind the Gap

    Given the current instability on Europe's borders and uncertainty about the international role of the US under President Trump, it is high time for Franco-German foreign policy initiatives. However, differences between the two, both on policy issues and in their strategic cultures, also limit their cooperation. This study shows how France and Germany can bridge - and exploit - these gaps to facilitate joint initiatives on four key topics: Russia, transatlantic relations, Syria and Turkey.

  • The Russia File: Russia and the West in an Unordered World

    Introduction from The Russia File, a DGAP co-publication

    von Stefan Meister, Daniel Hamilton | Russia, International Policy/Relations
    The Russia File: Russia and the West in an Unordered World. Center for Transatlantic Relations, The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University; German Council on Foreign Relations/Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik, 2017, 197 pp. This publication was generously supported by the Robert Bosch Stiftung.

    The Russia File: Russia and the West in an Unordered World

    “What to do about Russia” is a matter of almost daily debate among Europeans and Americans. Few of those debates directly include Russian views on contemporary challenges. To offer some perspective, we asked a diverse range of authors from Russia, as well as non-Russian experts on Russia, to present Russian views on relations with Western countries. This volume is the result.

  • The Russia File: Russia and the West in an Unordered World

    A co-publication from the DGAP and SAIS's Center for Transatlantic Relations

    von Stefan Meister, Daniel Hamilton | Russia, International Policy/Relations
    The Russia File: Russia and the West in an Unordered World. Center for Transatlantic Relations, The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University; German Council on Foreign Relations/Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik, 2017, 197 pp. This publication was generously supported by the Robert Bosch Stiftung.

    Relations between Russia and the West are at their lowest ebb since the Cold War. “What to do about Russia” is a matter of daily debates among Europeans and Americans. Few of those debates directly include Russian views on contemporary challenges. This volume fills this gap by featuring authors from Russia, as well as non-Russian experts on Russia, who present Russian views on relations with Western countries.

  • Beyond ‘pro’ and ‘anti’ Putin

    Debating Russia Policies in France and Germany

    von Barbara Kunz | France
    DGAPanalyse 1 (February 2018), 20 pp.

    Beyond ‘pro’ and ‘anti’ Putin

    France and Germany are key in shaping European policies toward Russia. However, while the general public is largely skeptical of Vladimir Putin in both countries, the picture is more diverse in the political realm. Whereas Germany remains focused on multilateralism and a rules-based international order, French political parties have been split on Russia. The differences between and within France and Germany impact on Franco-German relations and go beyond the question on how to deal with Russia.

  • Eastern Voices: Europe’s East Faces an Unsettled West

    A co-publication from the DGAP and SAIS's Center for Transatlantic Relations

    von Daniel Hamilton, Stefan Meister | Russia, International Policy/Relations
    Eastern Voices: Europe’s East Faces an Unsettled West, Center for Transatlantic Relations, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University and the German Council on Foreign Relations/ Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik, 2017, 209 pp. This publication was generously supported by the Robert Bosch Stiftung.

    The ongoing tensions between Russia and the West about developments in Eastern Europe undermine principles that have guided European policies for the past quarter century. After having focused on Western points of view in its first co-publication, the Transatlantic Strategy Group, a cooperation between the DGAP and Johns Hopkins University’s Center for Transatlantic Relations, looks at the challenges facing the countries of the Common Neighborhood between the EU and Russia.

  • Eastern Voices: Is the West Listening?

    Introduction from Eastern Voices: Europe’s East Faces an Unsettled West, a DGAP co-publication

    von Daniel Hamilton, Stefan Meister | Russia, International Policy/Relations
    Eastern Voices: Europe’s East Faces an Unsettled West, Center for Transatlantic Relations, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University and the German Council on Foreign Relations/Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik, 2017, 209 pp. This publication was generously supported by the Robert Bosch Stiftung.

    Eastern Voices: Is the West Listening?

    With the war in Eastern Ukraine in its third year, the ongoing crisis between Russia and the West has become the new normal. A new co-publication by the DGAP and Johns Hopkins’ Center for Transatlantic Relations looks at how the countries of the Common Neighborhood deal with the situation. You may find the book’s Introduction and Summary below. The book’s production was generously supported by the Robert Bosch Stiftung.

  • What Russia has Achieved during the German Election

    von Stefan Meister | Russia
    Europe’s World (Friends of Europe), September 22, 2017

    Russian interference was much less than expected but yet obvious throughout the German election campaign. Russian foreign media have criticized Angela Merkel’s refugee policy, promoted conspiracy theories and fake news, and provided populists with a platform to attack mainstream politicians.