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The United States of America – A Deficient Democracy
by Josef Braml, Hans-Joachim Lauth
Comparative Governance and Politics/Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft, ZfVP, Special Edition, 1/2011, pp. 103-132
The United States of America are an example that also established democracies show deficiencies in the quality of democracy. The efforts of U.S. President George W. Bush to democratize the world through military means have led to a marked decline in the quality of American democracy. It remains to be seen whether Bush’s successor, Barack Obama, will be able to repair the collateral damage of the Global War on Terror and reverse the deterioration of the former model democracy’s image.
A Plea for Forward-looking Action in Areas of Limited Statehood
by Josef Braml, Thomas Risse, Eberhard Sandschneider
Diplomatic Magazine, November 2010, pp. 22-23
It is important to understand statehood in a functional sense, that is as an ongoing process, and to take into consideration the difficulties encountered by western “state builders” in mobilizing long term political support at home and resources for their foreign operations, while recognizing the related inability of international and supranational organizations to act. From this broad perspective can the following five pragmatic recommendations be derived.
America’s Asian Ambitions
Under Obama, Multilateralism is Still Instrumental
by Josef Braml
Internationale Politik Global Edition, 3/2010, pp. 19-25
The Obama administration’s overtures to Asia have been unmistakable. Does this leave the United States’ old ally Europe out of the equation? Not necessarily, argues German analyst Josef Braml. But Europe’s best offer may be to help foot the bill for a global NATO.
WWW: The Worldwide West
The Obama Administration’s Global NATO Perspective
by Josef Braml
In: Jan Wouters and Steven Sterkx (eds): European Union, United States and Global Governance – Major Trends and Challenges, Brussels: Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies / European Commission Directorate-General for External Relations, 2010, pp. 19-28
Rather than indicating “change”, the Obama administration’s agenda and personnel choices point toward continuity in American foreign policy vis-à-vis NATO. With the instrument of a “global NATO”, the United States continues to assert its values and interests worldwide. In addition to the transatlantic allies, democracies in Asia will also be invited to contribute their financial and military share to establish a liberal world order.
America’s Global (NATO) Outlook and the Obama Administration
by Josef Braml
Business and Diplomacy, 3/2009, pp. 26-29
The foreign policy views expressed by Senator Obama in the election campaign did not differ greatly from those of his rival John McCain. The Republican presidential candidate was more outspoken about favoring a “league of democracies”. An “alliance of democracies” which, in the eyes of many advocates, is already represented by a “global NATO” could compete with the United Nations or stand in as a viable alternative.
Help Wanted: Energy Coordinator
A Global Energy Policy Could Alter the Balance of Power in Energy Markets and Obviate Resource Wars
by Josef Braml
Internationale Politik Global Edition, Spring 2009, pp. 21-25
A new global energy framework is long overdue. The Obama administration could well be interested in teaming up with the European Union to create one. In addition to enhancing security, it would also spur economic growth and curb global warming.
Can the United States Shed Its Oil Addiction?
by Josef Braml
Washington Quarterly, 30 (Autumn 2007) 4, pp. 117-130
Since the 1950s, U.S. energy consumption, mainly driven by the transportation sector and fed by oil, has almost tripled. Because the cultivation of domestic resources has not been able to keep up with demand, the United States has become increasingly dependent on energy supplies from unstable regions of the world. The costs and risks to national security provide the first major incentive for a readjustment of U.S. energy policy.
Barriers in the Atlantic Economic Area
From TAFTA to a Free Market: New Transatlantic Trade Initiatives
by Josef Braml, Claudia Schmucker
Internationale Politik, Global Edition, 8 (Summer 2007) 2, pp. 44-47
During its current term as EU Council president, Germany has been trying hard to promote transatlantic economic integration. But Washington – and some EU countries – have reacted hesitantly. For them, the primary goal is closing the Doha Round. A transatlantic free trade zone remains a long-term project.
U.S. and German Think Tanks in Comparative Perspective
by Josef Braml
German Policy Studies, 3 (2006) 2, pp. 222-267
Independent non-profit policy research institutes, commonly known as think tanks, are almost exclusively privately funded and are very visible in the US public. By contrast, their German peers enjoy mainly public government funding, but are far less noticeable in the process of public policy making. What causes think tanks’ different organizational and strategic patterns, and how does it influence their behavior?
Faith in Foreign Policy
George W. Bush’s Transatlantic Relations
by Josef Braml
In: Amit Gupta und Cherian Samuel (eds): The Second Bush Presidency: Global Perspectives, New Delhi: Pearson-Longman/Observer Research Foundation, 2006, pp. 106-128
The speculation regarding the role of religious groups and its impact on Bush’s foreign and security policy has been elaborately discussed by Josef Braml. According to him, it is not faith alone that brings the Republican Party close to the Christian Right or the Religious Right. The Republicans find the Christian Right’s organisational network at the grassroots helpful in ‘providing financial resources and directly mobilising voters.