The Resurfacing Turkish-Kurdish Question and its Regional Impact
The Resurfacing Turkish-Kurdish Question and its Regional Impact

The Turkish time machine

13/04/2016 | by Kristian Brakel | Turkey, War/Warfare

The bomb that went off in downtown Ankara on March 13, killing 37 people, was a stark reminder that war has returned to Turkey. The second such attack within one month, it clearly shows that the conflict has the capacity to engulf all of Turkey. With the peace process in a shambles and the violent spillover from Syria intensifying, the resurgence of the Turkish-Kurdish conflict almost makes it seem as if the country has traveled back in time to the height of the civil war in the 1990s.

Publication Series

Perception and Exploitation
Perception and Exploitation

An ongoing series on Russia’s non-military influence in Europe

by Stefan Meister, Jana Puglierin | Russia, Media/Information

This text introduces a series of articles exploring Russia’s use of instruments of hybrid warfare since the Ukraine crisis and the annexation of Crimea. These tools include not only putting “little green men” on the ground in eastern Ukraine but also robust media propaganda and – significantly – support for Euroskepticism within the EU. Stefan Meister and Jana Puglierin frame the initial discussion here. Subsequent texts will consider Serbia, Greece, France, Hungary, and Germany.

Publication

The Egyptian Interregnum
The Egyptian Interregnum

The High Cost of Suppressing Change

by Ibrahim El Houdaiby | Egypt, Democratization/System Change

Five years after the ouster of Egypt’s Hosni Mubarak, the alliance backing Abdel Fattah el-Sisi is fragile to the point of collapse. A lack of overarching vision is leading to unprecedented levels of politicization, fragmentation, discord, and violation of the law within the state apparatus. While the regime asks for patience as it pursues “stability,” “state building,” and a relentless “war on terrorists,” it seems to be taking a path with just two possible outcomes: total collapse or slow decay.

Publication

When Parliaments Go to War
When Parliaments Go to War

US War Powers in Comparative Perspective

by Eric Langland | United States of America, Organization of Military Defence

Unlike the German and British parliaments, the US Congress has thus far failed to bring to a vote an authorization for the use of force in Syria against ISIS. Instead, President Obama must rely on a broad interpretation of his constitutional authority as commander-in-chief. Eric Langland argues that only a vote will give appropriate legitimacy to US military action in Syria, demonstrate popular support, and give Congress a critical opportunity to shape military policy.

Publication

The Engagement of Arab Gulf States in Egypt and Tunisia since 2011
The Engagement of Arab Gulf States in Egypt and Tunisia since 2011

Rationale and Impact

by Sebastian Sons, Inken Wiese | Near and Middle East/North Africa, Democratization/System Change

After the 2011 upheavals in Egypt and Tunisia, political and economic assistance provided to the two countries by Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Qatar was largely meant to stabilize matters economically. This study documents the nature of Gulf assistance and analyzes its impact on political and economic development in Egypt and Tunisia, particularly on democratization and inclusive socioeconomic change. There is potential for synergy between Arab and Western donor countries, but it remains untapped.

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