Perception and Exploitation
Perception and Exploitation

An ongoing series on Russia’s non-military influence in Europe

by Stefan Meister, Jana Puglierin | Russia, Media/Information

This text introduces a series of articles exploring Russia’s use of instruments of hybrid warfare since the Ukraine crisis and the annexation of Crimea. These tools include not only putting “little green men” on the ground in eastern Ukraine but also robust media propaganda and – significantly – support for Euroskepticism within the EU. Stefan Meister and Jana Puglierin frame the initial discussion here. Subsequent texts will consider Serbia, Greece, France, Hungary, and elsewhere in Europe.

Publication

In Search of Alternatives
In Search of Alternatives

Greece between European Frustration and Russian Temptation

by Julian Rappold | Greece, International Policy/Relations

Tensions over the debt crisis have led to a loss of respect for the EU in Greece. But does Russia offer any kind of alternative to the “austerity directive” coming from Brussels? The Tsipras government's initial efforts to forge closer links with Moscow have not paid off. Crucially, Russia is unable – and unwilling – to offer Greece financial support, but it is all too glad to mobilize Greek sympathy. The EU should listen carefully to the discussion about Russia’s influence on Greece.

Publication

Opening up the Franco-German Dialogue
Opening up the Franco-German Dialogue

How Trialogues Can Enhance European Integration

by Claire Demesmay, Hans Stark

As the EU confronts an unprecedented number of crises, it is crucial to open up the longstanding Franco-German tandem to other partners. The ten authors of this compendium explore ten such possible triangular configurations – involving, respectively, Greece, Italy, Poland, Romania, the Nordic countries, the United Kingdom, the Western Balkans, Turkey, the European Commission, and the European Parliament – and point to several other potentially productive “trialogues.”

Publication

The Engagement of Arab Gulf States in Egypt and Tunisia since 2011
The Engagement of Arab Gulf States in Egypt and Tunisia since 2011

Rationale and Impact

by Sebastian Sons, Inken Wiese | Near and Middle East/North Africa, Democratization/System Change

After the 2011 upheavals in Egypt and Tunisia, political and economic assistance provided to the two countries by Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Qatar was largely meant to stabilize matters economically. This study documents the nature of Gulf assistance and analyzes its impact on political and economic development in Egypt and Tunisia, particularly on democratization and inclusive socioeconomic change. There is potential for synergy between Arab and Western donor countries, but it remains untapped.

Publication

The Value of Alternatives:
The Value of Alternatives:

Why the EU is Indispensable to Central Asian Security

by Luba von Hauff | Central Asia, European Union

Central Asia’s pronounced security risks concern many international actors, not least because of the potential for radical ideologies to gain a foothold in the region’s communities. Against this background, Luba von Hauff highlights the EU’s particular value added to the region, reflecting on how European policy can further build up its impact on the local security situation for the time to come.

Events

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