Perception and Exploitation
Perception and Exploitation

A series on Russia’s non-military influence in Europe

by Stefan Meister, Jana Puglierin | Russia, Media/Information

This text introduces a series of articles exploring Russia’s use of instruments of hybrid warfare since its annexation of Crimea. These tools include not only putting “little green men” on the ground in eastern Ukraine but also robust media propaganda and – significantly – support for Euroskepticism within the EU. Stefan Meister and Jana Puglierin frame the initial discussion here. Chapters on Hungary, France, Greece, and Serbia follow.

Publication

Reviewing the Eastern Partnership
Reviewing the Eastern Partnership

The EU must do more to support reforms and overcome the veto power of vested interests

by Martin Sieg | Eastern Europe, Eastern Partnership

When the EU launched its Eastern Partnership to support Ukraine and other post-Soviet countries, geopolitical conflict with Russia seemed distant. Today, facing the partnership’s patent shortcomings, the EU must choose between either scaling down its objectives or ramping up its means.

Publication

“Aid and Assistance by All Means in their Power”
“Aid and Assistance by All Means in their Power”

The EU Mutual Assistance Clause as a Test Case for European Defense

by Jana Puglierin | France, Security

After the terrorist attacks in Paris of November 13, 2015, EU member states unanimously – and unusually – invoked Europe’s mutual assistance clause: Article 42.7 of the Lisbon Treaty. The extent of support provided thus far has ranged starkly, however, and member states have given different weight to the European context. Both Brexit the election of Donald Trump have underlined the EU’s existential interest in pursuing closer and better defense cooperation.

Publication

ISIS and Wilayat Sinai
ISIS and Wilayat Sinai

Complex networks of insurgency on Egypt's Sinai peninsula

by Omar Ashour | Near and Middle East/North Africa, Terrorism

The insurgency in Sinai has evolved over the past 15 years. Its stated goal shifted from supporting Palestinian armed groups in the early 2000s to controlling areas in northeast Sinai and fighting Egyptian security and military forces there. In 2014 the insurgent group Wilayat Sinai declared allegiance to ISIS. The Egyptian government’s counterinsurgency blunders and its humiliation and repression of the civilian population have helped give the insurgency ready access to a large pool of recruits.

The Engagement of Arab Gulf States in Egypt and Tunisia since 2011
The Engagement of Arab Gulf States in Egypt and Tunisia since 2011

Rationale and Impact

by Sebastian Sons, Inken Wiese | Near and Middle East/North Africa, Democratization/System Change

After the 2011 upheavals in Egypt and Tunisia, political and economic assistance provided to the two countries by Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Qatar was largely meant to stabilize matters economically. This study documents the nature of Gulf assistance and analyzes its impact on political and economic development in Egypt and Tunisia, particularly on democratization and inclusive socioeconomic change. There is potential for synergy between Arab and Western donor countries, but it remains untapped.

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