Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine has led to the most comprehensive economic sanctions imposed on a country of this size since the end of the Second World War. Yet sanctions are only an effective tool of foreign and security policy if they are embedded in a sustainable political strategy that considers the cost-benefit analysis for both sides. Looking at the sanctions against Iran can be helpful when it comes to learning lessons about how to deal with Russia.
On February 27, 2022, the German government announced a sea change in its security and foreign policy in the aftermath of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine that Chancellor Olaf Scholz referred to as a Zeitenwende. Although the government’s official translation for that term is “watershed,” the original German is a bit more nuanced, signifying a turn of the times and a historical geopolitical shift.
But what does the new era proclaimed by the German government mean in practice, especially when the war that spurred it is ongoing and could lead to multiple outcomes? While the measures announced so far entail considerable changes to Germany’s defense, finance, and energy policies, it is not yet clear which strategic goals they should achieve or how they can be put into operation.
This situation provides DGAP with a unique opportunity to actively shape Germany’s foreign policy. The aim is to stimulate a necessary discussion of the basic features of a new Euro-Atlantic security order beyond day-to-day political developments: Germany and Europe must jointly develop a vision of a new global order.
This dossier provides an overview of DGAP’s expertise and activities that are helping German policy-makers set a course to successfully shape its strategic rethink. Our goal is also to provide impetus for a more unified European security order as the success of Germany’s Zeitenwende will have to be measured by how self-determinedly Europe can shape its security in the coming years.