Conflicts and Strategies

ip journal

Chasing a Chimera
Chasing a Chimera

Closer EU-EEU ties will not lead to a rapprochement with Russia

02/03/2015 | by Stefan Meister | Russia, Conflicts and Strategies

The main cause of the conflict between Russia and the West lies in the internal legitimization deficit of Putin’s own system. A closer cooperation with Moscow’s Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) would not only undermine the EU’s values – the Kremlin is simply not interested. A reply to Mark Leonard’s and Ivan Krastev’s “The New European Disorder.”

ip journal

The Buffer Zone Illusion
The Buffer Zone Illusion

There is no “Austrian solution” for Ukraine

22/09/2014 | by Piotr Buras | Ukraine, Conflicts and Strategies

NATO will not help Ukraine directly – and neither will the European Union. But those who think they can turn it into a buffer between the West and Russia are wrong. A more imaginative and flexible concept is needed than trying to make 2014 Ukraine into 1950s Austria.


A New Security Framework
Diplomacy, not the military, should once again be the central focus
27/07/2012 | by Thomas Will
The liberation of Kuwait in 1991 and the planned withdrawal from Afghanistan in 2014 mark the beginning and end points of Western global governance. The “unipolar moment” is a thing of the past; states are returning to their central role—in a fundamentally changed world order. German security policy must be redefined.
Category Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Germany, Central Europe, Europe
The Time Is Not Yet Ripe
Why a sounder coercive diplomacy against Iran might prevent war
16/02/2012 | by Jean-Loup Samaan
A newer, more aggressive light has been cast upon the dilemma that a nuclear Iran presents the world; now, however, is no time to attack. There is much doubt regarding the efficacy of missile strikes on Iranian nuclear sites. The United States and Israel should “speak softly” and let sanctions, and their military capabilities, do the talking.
Category Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Iran, Western Asia, Asia
Between Confrontation and Cooperation
Is there a security role for the European Union on the Korean Peninsula?
With the Six-Party Talks at a stalemate, the European Union may need to step in with soft diplomacy. As the security environment on the Korean Peninsula deteriorates, more active engagement from the European Union could contribute to the long-term stability of the peninsula.
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Fragile States, European Union, Conflicts and Strategies, Asia, South Korea, North Korea, East Asia
The Armenian Massacre and Its Avengers
The ramifications of the assassination of Talaat Pasha in Berlin
01/11/2005 | by Rolf Hosfeld
The 1921 trial in Berlin of Mehmet Talaat’s Armenian assassin, Soghomon Tehlirian, sent reverberations around the world. Two young law students at the time would go on, respectively, to become the assistant prosecutor at the Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal and to give a name to the wholesale Nazi murders–“genocide.” The trigger to Raphael Lemkin’s development of the legal concept of genocide was the Armenian massacre.
Category Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Eastern Europe, Armenia, Turkey
The Armenian Massacre as Seen Today
01/11/2005 | by Bernd Pekesen
This reviewer appreciates Hosfeld’s vivid portrayal of the Armenian communities in Asia Minor, but suggests that the author’s view of the Young Turks and today’s Turkish scholarship on the massacre is too simple.
Category Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Armenia, Turkey
Preventing Nuclear Proliferation
Counterproliferation options include preemption and prevention
01/08/2005 | by Lothar Rühl
Every administration in the United States since Ronald Reagan, whether Republican or Democratic, has given top priority to halting nuclear proliferation. The means to this end are explicitly not confined to diplomatic niceties. "Hard security" through military action is a clear option.
Category Arms Control and WMD, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, United States of America, Iraq, Iran
Berlin and the New Transatlantic Agenda
01/08/2005 | by F. Stephen Larrabee
US-European relations are improving under Bush II; here's what Germany can do to help.
Category Conflicts and Strategies, Security, European Union, Military Capacity, United States of America, Europe, Germany, Geographical areas (transnational) and organizations of the Near and Middle East/Northern Africa East/Northern Africa
Iraq- Lessons To Be Learned
We're still learning-- and unfortunately, so is the insurgency.
01/08/2005 | by Peter Faber, Carlo Masala
Two years after the start of the Iraq war, it’s time for NATO to draw some conclusions about the way this conflict and its aftermath were managed. Pre-war judgments are not omniscient. Strategic intelligence that is instrumentalized can be dangerously misleading. Dismantling a state leaves a vacuum that other forces will fill. Defense ministries are better at fighting than at planning postwar occupations.
Category Fragile States, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, NATO, State Building, Democratization/System Change, Iraq
Genocide in Darfur
The UN is finally acting, sort of-- but the agony goes on and on
01/08/2005 | by Rainer Tetzlaff
So far the butchery in Africa’s longest civil war has claimed two to three million lives and displaced seven million from their homes. The basic conflict is between the Arab Sudanese government in Khartoum and the majority black African Sudanese. The US has called the slaughter of blacks by janjaweed militias genocide; the UN has called it today‘s worst humanitarian crisis. But far too little is being done to help the victims.
Category Humanitarian Intervention, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, United Nations, Human Rights, Sudan
Endgame in the Balkans
Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia, and even Kosovo are now moving
01/02/2005 | by Borut Grgic
After five years in legal limbo, Kosovo is now set to get its “final status” clarified, in talks that will start in a few weeks. The interlocutors will be the Kosovar Albanians, the Serbian government, and internationals led by former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari. Simultaneously, Croatia is starting negotiations about EU membership, and Serbia and Bosnia are starting talks with the EU on Stabilization and Association Agreements.
Category Humanitarian Intervention, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Resources and Energy, Kosovo, South-East Europe
Dayton at Ten: A View from Washington
In solving global problems, US leadership is indispensable
01/02/2005 | by Derek Chollet
Dayton was a “maximalist” agreement; it created a bold blueprint for a new state. Yet many areas of Dayton’s implementation have suffered from “minimalism,” whether because of the limits placed on the instruments the agreement created for implementation, or because those responsible for implementation have interpreted their powers narrowly.
Category Peace-Keeping, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Balkans, South-East Europe
Two-Thirds of the World
Governance in areas of limited statehood is a global problem
01/02/2005 | by Thomas Risse
The endemic problems of failed and limited statehood–humanitarian catastrophes, pandemics, hunger, and underdevelopment–are no longer “just” the isolated problems of the so-called Third World. They directly affect the security and prosperity of the developed world.
Category Fragile States, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Worldwide
War in the Failed Republic of Chechnya
After Maskhadov’s death, Basayev is the only leader left
01/02/2005 | by Sonja Zekri
After serving as an officer in the Soviet army in Afghanistan and Lithuania, Aslan Maskhadov took a leaf from the Baltic liberation movements and became a brilliant strategist in the first Chechnya war that won his land temporary de facto independence from Russia. He was elected Chechen president in 1997 and resumed the fight when Vladimir Putin resumed the attack. But he was a negotiator. Basayev is not.
Category Internal Conflicts, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Human Rights, Law, Law & Institutions, Russia
Human Rights in Global Society
How much enforcement should international society assume?
01/01/2005 | by Michael Walzer
Humanitarian intervention might be thought of as the first example of the global enforcement of human rights—contested, incomplete, uncertain, but still an example of something that has not existed until today. How far should we move beyond such humanitarian intervention? Do genocide (or famine) victms have a right to be rescued?
Category Humanitarian Intervention, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Worldwide
A Legally Binding Word
Genocide in international criminal law and political practice
01/01/2005 | by Alexandra Kemmerer
For decades, the Genocide Convention remained without any political impact. This changed with the tribunals on the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. William A. Schabas’ masterpiece illuminates this process. The 2003 German edition, reviewed here, is updated substantively from the 2000 English original, to include recent developments of international criminal law and practice, inter alia the 2001 conviction of General Radislav Krstic for his part in the 1995 Srebrenica massacre.
Category Humanitarian Intervention, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Worldwide
Atlanticism for the 21st Century
NATO's Secretary-General contends that the worst is over after the transatlantic feuds that broke out with the Iraq war. They naysayers always exaggerated in any case. Momentum returned with the Istanbul summit last June. The US and Europe remain each other's No. 1 strategic partners. And terrorism requires cooperation between the two as never before.
Category NATO, Security, Conflicts and Strategies, Bilateral and Multilateral Agreements, European Union, Europe-USA, United States of America, Europe, Iraq, Near and Middle East/North Africa
“Divide and Rule” Fails
01/08/2004 | by Lothar Rühl
In neither Israel nor Iraq is “divide and rule” working. Tough Israeli suppression of the intifada and tough American suppression of Iraqi insurgents without countervailing positive recruitment of local allies have only brought about the most dangerous dynamic for any occupier in a hostile country: fragmentation of the enemy into a host of factions, each with its own agenda, its own following—and its own temptations to outbid rivals in extremism.
Category Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Terrorism
Farewell to Unilateralism
01/08/2004 | by Harald Müller
The United States superpower defines its own national interest as providing the world with public goods — security, human rights, liberty, and health, among others. This definition is extraordinarily enlightened, far-sighted, and humane. Who could object to it?
Category Security, Transatlantic Relations, Conflicts and Strategies, NATO, United Nations, Law & Institutions, Arms Control and WMD, United States of America