Arms Control and WMD

ip journal

The Nuclear Reality
The Nuclear Reality

The West needs a new approach to nuclear arms control

16/02/2015 | by Michael Rühle | Worldwide, Arms Control and WMD

“Nuclear disarmament” has always sounded better in theory than in practice. With more countries flexing their nuclear muscle – especially Russia – a more realistic strategy to manage nuclear arms is necessary. The West must fundamentally re-think means and ends.

ip journal

A Concession That Never Was
A Concession That Never Was

How cooperative is Russia really on non-proliferation?

01/12/2014 | by Gustav Gressel | Russia, Arms Control and WMD

Russia’s “new” greater assistance for Iran’s nuclear program is nothing of the kind. For years, Russia has hidden its proliferation activities behind diplomatic smokescreens. Research suggests that intermediate range ballistic missiles (IRBMs) used by North Korea and Iran are in fact either Russian missiles or depend on key components from Russia. And Moscow’s lending a not-so-invisible hand does not stop there.


Playing With Fire
German foreign policy and Iran’s nuclear weapons program
18/01/2012 | by Joachim Krause
Contrary to what many in Germany think, the United States does not seek to overthrow the regime in Iran. Instead, the US and its allies will seek tougher sanctions and limited military actions to further weaken the government in Teheran. German policy should get behind this international effort and realize that Iran is the problem, not the United States.
Category Security, Arms Control and WMD, Iran, Western Asia, Near and Middle East/North Africa
Nuclear Mercenaries
WMD expertise goes to the highest bidder
28/11/2011 | by Hans Rühle
The next Nuclear Security Summit will be held in South Korea in 2012. As with the previous summit in April 2010, it will bring together many heads of state to discuss how to secure nuclear materials. US President Barack Obama will once again warn of the dangers of nuclear terrorism and promote greater nuclear transparency. Ultimately, however, this huge event is likely to end just as inconclusively as last year’s summit in Washington.
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Asia
Between Confrontation and Cooperation
Is there a security role for the European Union on the Korean Peninsula?
With the Six-Party Talks at a stalemate, the European Union may need to step in with soft diplomacy. As the security environment on the Korean Peninsula deteriorates, more active engagement from the European Union could contribute to the long-term stability of the peninsula.
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Fragile States, European Union, Conflicts and Strategies, Asia, South Korea, North Korea, East Asia
Order and Disorder in the Second Nuclear Age
A new era has put the non-proliferation regime under pressure
01/10/2006 | by Michael Rühle
The cold war’s non-proliferation regime is in disarray due to questions about civilian nuclear energy, doubts about verification, problems with states outside the NPT and the consequences of 9/11. A review of individual clauses of the treaty will not restore the integrity of the old system. Is the image of the NPT as a set of norms that transcend national interests really just a myth?
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Worldwide
Sorting Out the Iran Puzzle
Though frustrating, the international community’s Iran diplomacy has been original and, in ways, groundbreaking
01/10/2006 | by Oliver Thränert
This summer, for the first time, all five members of the UN Security Council—including Russia and China—recognized the necessity of considering sanctions against Iran. Despite their very different interests, they agreed upon a common strategy for the first time. Many European actors and other international organizations are working together too—an encouraging example of global multilateralism. European foreign policy, especially, could profit were it successful.
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Iran, Western Asia, Near and Middle East/North Africa
Pakistan’s Precarious Nuclear Arsenal
Assessing the threat of Islamabad’s weapons
01/10/2006 | by Leonard S. Spector
Pakistan’s nuclear weapons may pose a greater danger than those of Iran or North Korea. President Musharraf’s weak administration has increased the possibility that new anti-Western leaders or non-state actors could seize the country’s arms. Strenghtening US and NATO nuclear deterrence capabilities is irrelevant—only a sustained program of support for Musharraf’s regime can mitigate these dangers.
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Pakistan, Western Asia, Near and Middle East/North Africa
Beyond the Arms Embargo
Transatlantic implications of China’s and India’s rise
01/10/2006 | by Alexander Lennon
In spring 2005 the United States and Europe squared off over lifting the post-Tiananmen ban on military sales to China. Some argued that this dispute was evidence of a deteriorating transatlantic relationship. But the arms embargo debate is symptomatic of a broader and more fundamental set of challenges, including the rise of China and India, posed by globalization’s acceleration and how it has reshaped global security over the past 15 years.
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Worldwide
Preventing Nuclear Proliferation
Counterproliferation options include preemption and prevention
01/08/2005 | by Lothar Rühl
Every administration in the United States since Ronald Reagan, whether Republican or Democratic, has given top priority to halting nuclear proliferation. The means to this end are explicitly not confined to diplomatic niceties. "Hard security" through military action is a clear option.
Category Arms Control and WMD, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, United States of America, Iraq, Iran
Pride and Mistrust
Above all, Iran wants to be seen as the leading regional power
01/01/2005 | by Volker Perthes
The Europeans have less influence in Tehran than they might wish. They cannot give hard security rewards. Nor can they bestow the recognition of Iran’s importance that only the sole superpower can confer.
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Iran, Western Asia, Near and Middle East/North Africa
Farewell to Unilateralism
01/08/2004 | by Harald Müller
The United States superpower defines its own national interest as providing the world with public goods — security, human rights, liberty, and health, among others. This definition is extraordinarily enlightened, far-sighted, and humane. Who could object to it?
Category Security, Transatlantic Relations, Conflicts and Strategies, NATO, United Nations, Law & Institutions, Arms Control and WMD, United States of America
The Crisis in Halting WMD Proliferation
01/05/2004 | by Henning Riecke
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Worldwide
Nonproliferation Requires Transatlantic Cooperation
01/05/2004 | by Sebastian Harnisch
Americans and Europeans must work together more closely if they are to have any hope of halting the dangerous spread of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Worldwide
The North Korean Nuclear State
01/05/2004 | by Frank Umbach
Following Pakistan’s recent revelations about trading nuclear for missile technology with North Korea, the crisis on the Korean peninsula has intensified. As six-way talks were scheduled to resume in late February, the World Food Program—which has long been feeding six million North Koreans to stave off starvation—appealed for more aid, as international donors began to balk at pouring humanitarian money into a country that spends its own money on weapons.
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, North Korea, China, East Asia, Asia
Security and Japan’s Younger Generation
01/05/2004 | by Keizo Takemi
Japan’s most important security issue today is North Korea’s drive to acquire nuclear weapons. Already the threat has brought Japan to agree to develop a missile-defense system jointly with the United States, and to relax its decades-old ban on arms exports, in order to facilitate exchange of hardware in the endeavor.
Category Security, Arms Control and WMD, Japan, North Korea, East Asia