ip journal

Europe’s New (In)Security Order
Europe’s New (In)Security Order

The Ukraine conflict has changed the European security architecture

25/11/2014 | by Claudia Major, Jana Puglierin | Europe, Security

The Ukraine crisis has substantially and perhaps permanently altered Europe’s security structure. Europe is now much less secure, and its security architecture altogether less stable, more confrontational, and less predictable. Individual states, along with NATO, the EU, and the OSCE, must now address the deficiencies in this new order. At the same time, Europe has a better chance to exist peacefully if it succeeds in binding Russia into a cooperative order – as demanding as that will be.

ip journal

Spy Smarter
Spy Smarter

Western – and especially German – intelligence services could use improvement, both in terms of algorithms and agents

12/11/2014 | by Peter Neumann | Worldwide, Security

The terrorist attacks in Paris have demonstrated once more: intelligence services around the world are confronted with developments that hamper their performance or in fact question their usefulness. More resources are required, and if Germany really wants to play a bigger role on the world stage, the country has no choice but to beef up its intelligence work.


The State of the Internet: Reconstituting “Cyberspace”
Suggestions for a common EU strategy for Internet security
19/12/2012 | by Annegret Bendiek, Ben Wagner
Before decisions on the regulation of the Internet and prevailing universal norms are made on a global level, Europeans must develop a common Internet strategy. Such an EU strategy, however, cannot pit security against freedom or the interests of the state against individual liberties and fundamental rights.
Category Cyber Security, New Risks, Security, NATO, Regional Organizations, Law & Institutions, Technology and Research, Political Culture, Government and Society, Information Technology, Political Participation, European Union, Europe
The Primacy of Economic Interests
Economic interests trump security and challenge Western unity
15/11/2012 | by Michael Rühle
As traditional security policy is superseded by economic and energy interests, we must begin to discuss the “economization of security policy” – the implications of which go far beyond the current global financial crisis and its effects on the security policy of the West. One voice inside NATO describes what needs to be done to ensure that this commercialization of security will still allow the friendly member countries of NATO and the EU to avoid 21st century conflicts and to continue to act collectively.
Category Financial Crisis, Finance, Economy and Finance, NATO, European Union, Regional Organizations, Law & Institutions, Military Capacity, Security, Resources and Energy, China, Russia, Worldwide
The Time To Act Has Come
The impetus for European security policy
18/09/2012 | by Andreas Schockenhoff, Roderich Kiesewetter
The debt crisis and efforts to save the euro are overshadowing necessary reforms to Europe’s energy policy and the further expansion of the Common Foreign and Security Policy. However, the EU’s credibility in terms of its ability to take effective action depends on the coherent coordination of monetary, energy, and security policy issues.
Category German Armed Forces, German Foreign Policy, European Union, Defence Policy, Security, CFSP/CSDP, Germany, Central Europe, Europe
Europeans on the Move—to Germany
What Europe should take from its latest migration trends
21/08/2012 | by Steven Hill
Recent statistics are showing that workers from crisis-stricken countries on Europe's periphery are making their way in greater numbers to more stable Germany. But the increasing labor migration doesn't necessarily need to be cause for alarm.
Category Migration, Security, Germany, Central Europe, Europe
The Olympic Game Changer
How the 1972 Munich Massacre still shapes the Olympics and makes headlines in the country that hosted the tragic games
07/08/2012 | by Hilary Bown
Forty years ago, the games in Munich became host to a terrorist attack that ended in disaster. As the world watches London this month, newly released documents reveal ignored warnings and coordinated whitewashing. This, as even the subject of memorializing the Munich victims stirs up fresh controversy.
Category Terrorism, Security, Germany, Central Europe, Europe
Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell
What's missing from the German arms export debate
02/08/2012 | by Derek Scally
Germany is currently the world's third-largest exporter of weapons, some of which find their way into the hands of regimes like Saudi Arabia's. Regular debates pop up as to how a country with Germany's history can export so many weapons of war, but few ask the question of how effective German controls on arms exports actually are.
Category Armaments Industry, Military Economy, Security, Germany, Central Europe, Europe
A New Security Framework
Diplomacy, not the military, should once again be the central focus
27/07/2012 | by Thomas Will
The liberation of Kuwait in 1991 and the planned withdrawal from Afghanistan in 2014 mark the beginning and end points of Western global governance. The “unipolar moment” is a thing of the past; states are returning to their central role—in a fundamentally changed world order. German security policy must be redefined.
Category Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Germany, Central Europe, Europe
The Time Is Not Yet Ripe
Why a sounder coercive diplomacy against Iran might prevent war
16/02/2012 | by Jean-Loup Samaan
A newer, more aggressive light has been cast upon the dilemma that a nuclear Iran presents the world; now, however, is no time to attack. There is much doubt regarding the efficacy of missile strikes on Iranian nuclear sites. The United States and Israel should “speak softly” and let sanctions, and their military capabilities, do the talking.
Category Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Iran, Western Asia, Asia
Playing With Fire
German foreign policy and Iran’s nuclear weapons program
18/01/2012 | by Joachim Krause
Contrary to what many in Germany think, the United States does not seek to overthrow the regime in Iran. Instead, the US and its allies will seek tougher sanctions and limited military actions to further weaken the government in Teheran. German policy should get behind this international effort and realize that Iran is the problem, not the United States.
Category Security, Arms Control and WMD, Iran, Western Asia, Near and Middle East/North Africa
Nuclear Mercenaries
WMD expertise goes to the highest bidder
28/11/2011 | by Hans Rühle
The next Nuclear Security Summit will be held in South Korea in 2012. As with the previous summit in April 2010, it will bring together many heads of state to discuss how to secure nuclear materials. US President Barack Obama will once again warn of the dangers of nuclear terrorism and promote greater nuclear transparency. Ultimately, however, this huge event is likely to end just as inconclusively as last year’s summit in Washington.
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Asia
Between Confrontation and Cooperation
Is there a security role for the European Union on the Korean Peninsula?
With the Six-Party Talks at a stalemate, the European Union may need to step in with soft diplomacy. As the security environment on the Korean Peninsula deteriorates, more active engagement from the European Union could contribute to the long-term stability of the peninsula.
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Fragile States, European Union, Conflicts and Strategies, Asia, South Korea, North Korea, East Asia
Order and Disorder in the Second Nuclear Age
A new era has put the non-proliferation regime under pressure
01/10/2006 | by Michael Rühle
The cold war’s non-proliferation regime is in disarray due to questions about civilian nuclear energy, doubts about verification, problems with states outside the NPT and the consequences of 9/11. A review of individual clauses of the treaty will not restore the integrity of the old system. Is the image of the NPT as a set of norms that transcend national interests really just a myth?
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Worldwide
Sorting Out the Iran Puzzle
Though frustrating, the international community’s Iran diplomacy has been original and, in ways, groundbreaking
01/10/2006 | by Oliver Thränert
This summer, for the first time, all five members of the UN Security Council—including Russia and China—recognized the necessity of considering sanctions against Iran. Despite their very different interests, they agreed upon a common strategy for the first time. Many European actors and other international organizations are working together too—an encouraging example of global multilateralism. European foreign policy, especially, could profit were it successful.
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Iran, Western Asia, Near and Middle East/North Africa
Pakistan’s Precarious Nuclear Arsenal
Assessing the threat of Islamabad’s weapons
01/10/2006 | by Leonard S. Spector
Pakistan’s nuclear weapons may pose a greater danger than those of Iran or North Korea. President Musharraf’s weak administration has increased the possibility that new anti-Western leaders or non-state actors could seize the country’s arms. Strenghtening US and NATO nuclear deterrence capabilities is irrelevant—only a sustained program of support for Musharraf’s regime can mitigate these dangers.
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Pakistan, Western Asia, Near and Middle East/North Africa
Beyond the Arms Embargo
Transatlantic implications of China’s and India’s rise
01/10/2006 | by Alexander Lennon
In spring 2005 the United States and Europe squared off over lifting the post-Tiananmen ban on military sales to China. Some argued that this dispute was evidence of a deteriorating transatlantic relationship. But the arms embargo debate is symptomatic of a broader and more fundamental set of challenges, including the rise of China and India, posed by globalization’s acceleration and how it has reshaped global security over the past 15 years.
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Worldwide
Toward a More Political NATO
The imperative of military and political transformation
01/11/2005 | by Michael Rühle
Back when Lord Robertson was Secretary General of NATO he could accurately say that his priorities were “capabilities, capabilities, capabilities.” That no longer suffices. Enough interoperability to fight together on the battlefield is necessary. But so is a much broader strategic debate that goes beyond seeing NATO as just an instrumental provider of troops to give allies a chance to address fundamental questions.
Category NATO, Regional Organizations, Security, Worldwide
German Self-Definition Against the US
America’s one-time protégé turns against its patron
01/11/2005 | by Richard Herzinger
Why has the mood in Germany turned so vehemently against the United States? The usual answer is George W. Bush. On closer examination, however, this does not fly. Opposing Bush’s war plans in Iraq did not require siding with France in an outright showdown with the US.
Category Germany - USA, Transatlantic Relations, History, Government and Society, Military Capacity, Security, Germany, United States of America, Iraq, Afghanistan
The Armenian Massacre and Its Avengers
The ramifications of the assassination of Talaat Pasha in Berlin
01/11/2005 | by Rolf Hosfeld
The 1921 trial in Berlin of Mehmet Talaat’s Armenian assassin, Soghomon Tehlirian, sent reverberations around the world. Two young law students at the time would go on, respectively, to become the assistant prosecutor at the Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal and to give a name to the wholesale Nazi murders–“genocide.” The trigger to Raphael Lemkin’s development of the legal concept of genocide was the Armenian massacre.
Category Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Eastern Europe, Armenia, Turkey