ip journal

Stability in Northern Iraq

The Kurdish region and the “good hegemon” Turkey

25/06/2011 | by Friedbert Pflüger | Near and Middle East/North Africa, Democratization/System Change

The autonomous region of Iraqi Kurdistan is not yet a flawless democracy. Nevertheless, the days of war and conflict seem to have come to an end. The province is relatively stable and is experiencing steady democratization and an economic boost, thanks largely to Turkey. Now Europe should also get more involved.

ip journal

German Self-Definition Against the US

America’s one-time protégé turns against its patron

01/11/2005 | by Richard Herzinger | Germany, Germany - USA

Why has the mood in Germany turned so vehemently against the United States? The usual answer is George W. Bush. On closer examination, however, this does not fly. Opposing Bush’s war plans in Iraq did not require siding with France in an outright showdown with the US.


Preventing Nuclear Proliferation
Counterproliferation options include preemption and prevention
01/08/2005 | by Lothar Rühl
Every administration in the United States since Ronald Reagan, whether Republican or Democratic, has given top priority to halting nuclear proliferation. The means to this end are explicitly not confined to diplomatic niceties. "Hard security" through military action is a clear option.
Category Arms Control and WMD, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, United States of America, Iraq, Iran
Ismail Abdullah's Barbershop
Two cheers for the election and Iraqization-- but what's next?
01/08/2005 | by Christoph Reuter
Ismail Abdullah doesn’t want to be murdered, and therefore he is desisting from trimming beards in an un-Islamic fashion. He has to live with the aftermath of the successful January vote and the three-month failure of those elected to form a government. If the Shiites get their way, there will be more sharia law. If the Kurds get their way, there will be greater autonomy. If the Sunnis get much of anything, it will be a miracle.
Category Religion, Government and Society, Democratization/System Change, Iraq
Iraq- Lessons To Be Learned
We're still learning-- and unfortunately, so is the insurgency.
01/08/2005 | by Peter Faber, Carlo Masala
Two years after the start of the Iraq war, it’s time for NATO to draw some conclusions about the way this conflict and its aftermath were managed. Pre-war judgments are not omniscient. Strategic intelligence that is instrumentalized can be dangerously misleading. Dismantling a state leaves a vacuum that other forces will fill. Defense ministries are better at fighting than at planning postwar occupations.
Category Fragile States, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, NATO, State Building, Democratization/System Change, Iraq
The Seven Pillars of State-Building
The military genuins of Lawrence of Arabia lay in his politics
01/08/2005 | by John C. Hulsman
Lawrence of Arabia was no ivory tower theorizer, but an on-the-ground practitioner of politics and warfare. His and Emir Feisal’s force of 3000 pinned down 50,000 Turks. We could do worse than following his example as we try to do 21st-century state-building around the world.
Category State Building, Fragile States, Government and Society, Iraq
Atlanticism for the 21st Century
NATO's Secretary-General contends that the worst is over after the transatlantic feuds that broke out with the Iraq war. They naysayers always exaggerated in any case. Momentum returned with the Istanbul summit last June. The US and Europe remain each other's No. 1 strategic partners. And terrorism requires cooperation between the two as never before.
Category NATO, Security, Conflicts and Strategies, Bilateral and Multilateral Agreements, European Union, Europe-USA, United States of America, Europe, Iraq, Near and Middle East/North Africa
Democratizing the Mideast
01/08/2004 | by Udo Steinbach
The American campaign to democratize Iraq, and through it the Greater Middle East, was hampered from the outset by a failure to take the region's history and culture properly into account, says the Director of the German Orient Institute. The traditional Islamic concept of good governance centers on justice, not on individual freedom or political participation. Democratization will have to be a long, evolutionary process.
Category Conflicts and Strategies, State Building, Democratization/System Change, Iraq, United States of America, Near and Middle East/North Africa
On Religitimizing Torture
01/08/2004 | by Jan Philipp Reemtsma
The disturbing Abu Ghraib photos remind us: Nothing justifies the use of torture in a democracy. No short-term gain, however urgent the cause, is worth undermining the bedrock democratic guarantee of rule of law and individual autonomy. Criminals and suspects may legitimately be incarcerated, but they may not be enslaved. They may be pressed to confess, but not physically coerced to do so. Whenever people are treated in a way that deprives them of their capacity to dissent, our very civilization is put at risk.
Category Defence Policy, Security, Peace-Keeping, Law, Human Rights, Worldwide, Iraq
Transatlantic Power, Legitimacy, and Credibility
01/05/2004 | by Wolfgang Ischinger
Last year’s Iraq crisis was not just one more of the many transatlantic crises since the 1960s. It ran far deeper. It concerned power—military and political,hard and soft—and the legitimacy of the use of military force by the United States. By raising doubts about power, legitimacy, and credibility, it challenged the existing international order more than any other event since the cold war.
Category Europe-USA, Transatlantic Relations, United Nations, Global Institutions, Law & Institutions, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, United States of America, Europe, Iraq
Policy and Public Opinion
01/05/2004 | by Craig Kennedy, Natalie La Balme
Opinion surveys are now crucial elements in American and European political discourse. Poll results are often provocative and, when administered with methodological rigor, can provide real insights into the “public mood” at any given point. But just how does such research feedinto policymaking? Are surveys simply interesting snapshots of citizen attitudes, or do they now dominate policy in an unhealthy way?
Category Political System, Government and Society, German Foreign Policy, Worldwide, Germany, Iraq